On the Internet, there is information about the following current areas of energy conservation and energy efficiency.
1. INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE ENERGY SOURCE
• Superstructure of existing power units with gas turbines;
• utilization of flue gas heat;
• development of new combustion technologies;
• creation of standard projects;
2. OPTIMIZATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF DISTRIBUTION OF ENERGY SOURCES
• Improving the structure of distribution of energy sources according to the criteria of system efficiency instead of a simple assessment of the payback of an individual project;
• maximum load of the most efficient CHPs;
• transfer of boilers to peak operation.
3. COGENERATIONS AND TRIGENERATION
• Replacement of boilers with power plants with joint production of heat and electricity;
• use of heat supply systems for cold production by consumers;
4. COMPREHENSIVE USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
• Creation of systems for collection, initial training, energy use of renewable energy sources and garbage;
• new technological solutions for the use of renewable energy sources.
5. IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF ELECTRICAL NETWORKS
• Reduction of losses in networks;
• loss monitoring;
• optimization of substation loading;
• increase network bandwidth;
• controlled electrical networks.
6. COMPREHENSIVE REACTIVE POWER COMPENSATION
• Introduction of requirements to power consumption installations, including household;
• control of fulfillment of requirements;
• compensation in networks and near electric sources;
• optimal compensation of each level.
7. MANAGEMENT OF DAILY ELECTRIC POWER CONSUMPTION SCHEDULES
• Improving the mechanisms of the power market and extending it to end users;
• actual use of multi-rate tariffs;
• regulation of the working day from the beginning and end;
• comprehensive assessment of economic effects in all elements of energy systems and the introduction of economic mechanisms for their accounting;
• setting different levels of connection fees depending on the consumption schedule.
8. REDUCTION OF ELECTRIC POWER CONSUMPTION DEPENDENCE FROM AIR TEMPERATURE
• Quality control of heat supply (including the dependence of electricity consumption on the outside air temperature);
• administrative and economic restrictions on the use of electricity for thermal purposes;
• stimulating the use of heat accumulators instead of simple electric heaters.
9. INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF HEAT NETWORKS
• Comprehensive measures to increase the resource of heating networks (diagnostics, preventive repairs, end-to-end quality system, prevention of repeated breaks, out-of-department control);
• stimulation of lowering the temperature of the return coolant (with a corresponding reduction in consumption);
• creation of controlled thermal networks;
10. ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN INDUSTRY
• Use of mechanisms to increase energy efficiency as a source of funds for equipment upgrades;
• voluntary agreements with the authorities with planned volumes of capacity release;
• introduction of detailed information on standard projects.
11. ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF TRANSPORT
• Environmental control over the condition of cars;
• organization of traffic;
• permission to park cars with low fuel consumption only;
• creation of covered bicycle paths;
• development of public transport requirements.
12. ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
• Promotion of information on energy efficiency of household appliances;
• stimulating tariffs;
• consumer lending for window replacement;
• elimination of uncoordinated alterations of engineering systems;
• incentives for management companies,
• development of overhaul requirements;
• popularization of information on the category of energy efficiency of buildings.
13. ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
• Introduction, at the municipal level, of specific technologies with the association of owners of many buildings;
• Creating incentives for tenants of state and municipal property.
14. ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF OUTDOOR LIGHTING SYSTEMS, ILLUMINATION, LIGHTING AND LIGHT ADVERTISING
• Use of mechanisms of energy service contracts and reuse of released capacity;
• participation in the regulation of peak power consumption when using batteries;
• development of requirements for lighting design.
15. COMPREHENSIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS OF SMALL SETTLEMENTS
• Organization of maintenance and supply of spare parts;
• typification of projects;
• involvement of the local population in the implementation of projects;
• organization of complex inter-municipal projects;
• priority use of renewable energy resources.
According to the Internet